~☆今日のBuzzword!from BBC☆~ "US Presidential debate"

~☆今日のBuzzword!from BBC☆~





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Polls show that US Republican challenger Mitt Romney won the first of three face-to-face TV debate with incumbent President Barack Obama.

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【Today's Buzzword】


"US Presidential debate"

……

大統領選挙戦のTV討論










【Background Knowledge ~なぜ今それなわけ?~】


・90-minute duel の後の poll では、税制、財政赤字、社会福祉問題に焦点を当てたロムニー氏が優勢を占めた

・BBC の Mark Mardell はロムニー氏がオバマ大統領をリードして、今後の選挙戦が有利になるのではないかという見方を提示

・TV debate に関してPaul Krugman氏は、「オバマ大統領は最悪で、ロムニー氏は良かった」と論評

・Colorado の Denver で行われた討論は、今後場所と人選を変えながら10月11日・16日・22日に再び実施










【Today's Vocabulary】





(1) decimate


1 V n

To decimate something such as a group of people or animals means to destroy a very large number of them.


2 V n

To decimate a system or organization means to reduce its size and effectiveness greatly.





(2) ingratiating


ADJ disapproval

If you describe someone or their behaviour as ingratiating, you mean that they try to make people like them.





(3) defunct


ADJ

If something is defunct, it no longer exists or has stopped functioning or operating.





(4) splice


V n

If you splice two pieces of rope, film, or tape together, you join them neatly at the ends so that they make one continuous piece.





(5) kindred


1 N-UNCOUNT with poss

Your kindred are your family, and all the people who are related to you (= relatives). (DIALECT or OLD-FASHIONED)


2 ADJ usu ADJ n

Kindred things are similar to each other (= similar). (FORMAL)





(6) frivolity


N-VAR

If you refer to an activity as a frivolity, you think that it is amusing and rather silly, rather than serious and sensible.





(7) snub


1 V n

If you snub someone, you deliberately insult them by ignoring them or by behaving or speaking rudely towards them.


2 N-COUNT

If you snub someone, your behaviour or your remarks can be referred to as a snub.


3 ADJ ADJ n

Someone who has a "snub nose" has a short nose which points slightly upwards.





(8) credulity


N-UNCOUNT

Credulity is a willingness to believe that something is real or true. (WRITTEN)





(9) perk up


1 PHRASAL VERB V P, V n P

If something perks you up or if you perk up, you become cheerful and lively, after feeling tired, bored, or depressed.


2 PHRASAL VERB V n P, V P n

If you perk something up, you make it more interesting.


3 PHRASAL VERB V P, V P n (not pron), also V n P

If sales, prices, or economies perk up, or if something perks them up, they begin to increase or improve. (JOURNALISM)





(10) let on


PHRASAL VERB usu with brd-neg, V P that/wh, V P to n that/wh, V P

If you do not let on that something is true, you do not tell anyone that it is true, and you keep it a secret. (INFORMAL)





(語義~Collins COBUILD Dictionary)





~☆今日のBuzzword!from BBC☆~ 

Topic : 英語・英会話学習 - Genre : School

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evangelista

Author:evangelista
日本人英語学習者の立場・視点から、主に英語テストを通じて実用に耐える英語運用能力を身につける手法を追及しています。

このサイトは英語スピーチに必要な語彙と表現力、論点とアイデアについて、ストックを増やしていくための場所です。

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