~☆今日のBuzzword!from BBC☆~ "7.4 million"

~☆今日のBuzzword!from BBC☆~





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World largest carmaker Toyota announced it voluntarily recalling 7.4 million cars worldwide.

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【Today's Buzzword】


"7.4 million"










【Background Knowledge ~なぜ今それなわけ?~】


・トヨタ自動車はウィンドウの不具合による問題を重視しリコールを発表

・これは1996年にフォードが実施した800万台規模のリコール以来の大規模なもの

・対象車種は、2005年から2010年の間に生産された、Yaris、Vios、Corolla、Matrix、 、Auris、Camry、RAV4、Highlander、Tundra、Sequoia、xB、xD

・2009年にはトヨタは1200万台にも及ぶリコール問題がらみで、アメリカ当局から罰金を科せられるとともに、謝罪したことも

・最近の中国の販売落ち込みと併せて、日本のグローバル企業の今後の行方が注目される









【Today's Vocabulary】





(1) clout


1 V n, V n on n

If you clout someone, you hit them. (INFORMAL)


N-COUNT

Clout is also a noun.


2 N-UNCOUNT

A person or institution that has clout has influence and power (= influence). (INFORMAL)





(2) debacle


N-COUNT

A debacle is an event or attempt that is a complete failure (= fiasco).





(3) pseudonym


N-COUNT oft N of/for n

A pseudonym is a name which someone, usually a writer, uses instead of his or her real name.





(4) desolate


1 ADJ

A desolate place is empty of people and lacking in comfort (=bleak).


2 ADJ usu v-link ADJ

If someone is desolate, they feel very sad, alone, and without hope. (LITERARY)





(5) succinct


ADJ approval

Something that is succinct expresses facts or ideas clearly and in few words (=concise).





(6) fumble


1 V for/with/in n

If you fumble for something or fumble with something, you try and reach for it or hold it in a clumsy way.


2 V for n, V n, also V

When you are trying to say something, if you fumble for the right words, you speak in a clumsy and unclear way.





(7) subdue


1 V n

If soldiers or the police subdue a group of people, they defeat them or bring them under control by using force.


2 V n

To subdue feelings means to make them less strong.





(8) swarm


1 N-COUNT-COLL oft N of n

A swarm of bees or other insects is a large group of them flying together.


2 V prep/adv

When bees or other insects swarm, they move or fly in a large group.


3 V prep/adv

When people swarm somewhere, they move there quickly in a large group.


4 N-COUNT-COLL oft N of n

A swarm of people is a large group of them moving about quickly (= horde).


5 V usu cont, V with n

If a place is swarming with people, it is full of people moving about in a busy way.





(9) blot out


1 PHRASAL VERB V P n (not pron), V n P

If one thing blots out another thing, it is in front of the other thing and prevents it from being seen.


2 PHRASAL VERB V P n (not pron), V n P, V n P of n

If you try to blot out a memory, you try to forget it. If one thought or memory blots out other thoughts or memories, it becomes the only one that you can think about (= block out).





(10) dote


V on/upon n

If you say that someone dotes on a person or a thing, you mean that they love or care about them very much and ignore any faults they may have.





(語義~Collins COBUILD Dictionary)






~☆今日のBuzzword!from BBC☆~ 

Topic : 英語・英会話学習 - Genre : School

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evangelista

Author:evangelista
日本人英語学習者の立場・視点から、主に英語テストを通じて実用に耐える英語運用能力を身につける手法を追及しています。

このサイトは英語スピーチに必要な語彙と表現力、論点とアイデアについて、ストックを増やしていくための場所です。

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