~☆今日のBuzzword!from BBC☆~ "Nobel Peace Prize"

~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~

新しいボキャビルアプリ、「プチまな」はじめました!

http://pmana.jp/pc/pm539.html

~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~





□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□



~☆今日のBuzzword!from BBC☆~


トレたてでイキのいい"buzzword"を厳選してお届けします。ソースは毎日24時間ニュースを放送しているBBC/CNNという「最強の英語学習ツール」。世界中の注目が集まる最新のトピックとその背景知識に目を向けていきます。また、それだけでは物足りないという方向けに、英検1級一次対策用の語彙も精選してお届けいたします。



□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□





――――――――――――――――――――2012年10月12日号


こんにちは。先日京都大学の山中教授が今年のノーベル賞を受賞するという、日本にとって大変喜ばしいニュースが入ってきましたが、今年の平和賞はなんとEUが受賞したとのことです。


・Today's Buzzword
・Background Knowledge ~なぜ今それなわけ?~
・Today's Vocabulary
・編集後記


―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――





~☆今日のBuzzword!from BBC☆~





□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□

The Europe Union has been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2012.

□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□










【Today's Buzzword】


"Nobel Peace Prize"

……

ノーベル平和賞










【Background Knowledge ~なぜ今それなわけ?~】


・設立以来60年にわたって欧州の平和に貢献したことが評価された

・選考委員会はEUについては"the EU had helped to transform Europe "from a continent of war to a continent of peace"と論評

・EUの受賞には深刻な景気後退と社会不安が交錯する状況で、バランスをとるかのような政治的な匂いも

・政治家や団体としては、2009年にアメリカのオバマ大統領がノーベル平和賞を受賞

・文学賞を村上春樹ではなく中国の Mo Yan 氏が受賞したのも、選考委員会のバランス感覚の表れか









【Today's Vocabulary】





(1) gist


N-SING the N of n

The gist of a speech, conversation, or piece of writing is its general meaning.





(2) gullible


ADJ

If you describe someone as gullible, you mean they are easily tricked because they are too trusting.





(3) wedge


1 V n, V n adj

If you wedge something, you force it to remain in a particular position by holding it there tightly or by fixing something next to it to prevent it from moving.


2 V n prep

If you wedge something somewhere, you fit it there tightly.


3 N-COUNT

A wedge is an object with one pointed edge and one thick edge, which you put under a door to keep it firmly in position.


4 N-COUNT usu N of n

A wedge of something such as fruit or cheese is a piece of it that has a thick triangular shape.


5 PHRASE V inflects, usu PHR between pl-n

If someone drives a wedge between two people who are close, they cause ill feelings between them in order to weaken their relationship.


6 PHRASE v-link PHR, PHR after v

If you say that something is the thin end of the wedge, you mean that it appears to be unimportant at the moment, but that it is the beginning of a bigger, more harmful development. (BRIT)





(4) deposition


N-COUNT

A deposition is a formal written statement, made for example by a witness to a crime, which can be used in a court of law if the witness cannot be present.





(5) rout


V n

If an army, sports team, or other group routs its opponents, it defeats them completely and easily.


N-COUNT

Rout is also a noun.





(6) stipulate


V that/wh, V n

If you stipulate a condition or stipulate that something must be done, you say clearly that it must be done (= specify).





(7) susceptible


1 ADJ v-link ADJ to n

If you are susceptible to something or someone, you are very likely to be influenced by them.


2 ADJ usu v-link ADJ to n

If you are susceptible to a disease or injury, you are very likely to be affected by it (= vulnerable).





(8) vigil


N-COUNT

A vigil is a period of time when people remain quietly in a place, especially at night, for example because they are praying or are making a political protest.


PHRASE V inflects, usu PHR prep/adv

If someone keeps a vigil or keeps vigil somewhere, they remain there quietly for a period of time, especially at night, for example because they are praying or are making a political protest.





(9) caustic


1 ADJ

Caustic chemical substances are very powerful and can dissolve other substances (= corrosive).


2 ADJ

A caustic remark is extremely critical, cruel, or bitter (= bitter, acid). (FORMAL)





(10) surmise


1 VERB V wh, V that, also V, V n

If you surmise that something is true, you guess it from the available evidence, although you do not know for certain. (FORMAL)


2 N-VAR

If you say that a particular conclusion is surmise, you mean that it is a guess based on the available evidence and you do not know for certain that it is true (= conjecture). (FORMAL)





(語義~Collins COBUILD Dictionary)






~☆今日のBuzzword!from BBC☆~ 





~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~

新しいボキャビルアプリ、「プチまな」はじめました!

http://pmana.jp/pc/pm539.html

~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~




Topic : 英語・英会話学習 - Genre : School

Comments

Post a comment

Only the blog author may view the comment.

Trackbacks


Use trackback on this entry. URL

検索フォーム
メルマガコーナーはこちら!
最新記事
プロフィール

evangelista

Author:evangelista
日本人英語学習者の立場・視点から、主に英語テストを通じて実用に耐える英語運用能力を身につける手法を追及しています。

このサイトは英語スピーチに必要な語彙と表現力、論点とアイデアについて、ストックを増やしていくための場所です。

英語学習法や各種テスト攻略法についても取り上げます。ちょくちょく更新していきます。

E-Mail: ecafecall@yahoo.co.jp

最新コメント
最新トラックバック
月別アーカイブ
カテゴリ
ブログランキング

FC2Blog Ranking