Two US American economists, Alvin Roth and Lloyd Shapley, have won the 2012 Nobel Prize in economics.
"theory of stable allocations and practice of market design"
【Background Knowledge ～なぜ今それなわけ？～】
1 VERB V n, V
If you hoard things such as food or money, you save or store them, often in secret, because they are valuable or important to you.
2 N-COUNT oft N of n
A hoard is a store of things that you have saved and that are valuable or important to you or you do not want other people to have (= cache).
An allocation is an amount of something, especially money, that is given to a particular person or used for a particular purpose.
2 N-UNCOUNT usu with supp
The allocation of something is the decision that it should be given to a particular person or used for a particular purpose.
If something is hilarious, it is extremely funny and makes you laugh a lot.
ADJ usu ADJ n
A withering look or remark is very critical, and is intended to make someone feel ashamed or stupid.
V n on/upon n
To bestow something on someone means to give or present it to them (= confer). (FORMAL)
V n to n, V n
If someone in a position of authority cedes land or power to someone else, they let them have the land or power, often as a result of military or political pressure. (FORMAL)
1 V n, V pron-refl
To reinvent something means to change it so that it seems different and new.
2 PHRASE V inflects
If someone is trying to reinvent the wheel, they are trying to do something that has already been done successfully.
1 ADJ v-link ADJ, ADJ to n, ADJ to-inf
To be prone to something, usually something bad, means to have a tendency to be affected by it or to do it.
COMB in ADJ
-prone combines with nouns to make adjectives that describe people who are frequently affected by something bad.
2 ADJ ADJ after v, ADJ n
If you are lying prone, you are lying on your front (≠ supine). (FORMAL)
（語義～Collins COBUILD Dictionary)
Post a comment
| HOME |