~☆今日のBuzzword!from BBC☆~ "theory of stable allocations and practice of market design" 

~☆今日のBuzzword!from BBC☆~





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Two US American economists, Alvin Roth and Lloyd Shapley, have won the 2012 Nobel Prize in economics.

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【Today's Buzzword】


"theory of stable allocations and practice of market design"

……

安定配分理論と市場設計の実践


(語義~ Wikipedia)










【Background Knowledge ~なぜ今それなわけ?~】


・ノーベル経済学賞は1968年にスウェーデン国立銀行が設立300周年記念の一環として設立

・1995年2月には経済学賞は社会科学と再定義され、政治学や社会学といった隣接分野の研究者にも受賞可能性が

・非欧米人受賞者はこれまでのところ実質的には1998年のアマルティア・センの1人だけ

・「アルフレッド・ノーベル記念経済学スウェーデン国立銀行賞」(ノーベル経済学賞)については、設置そのものについて批判もあり、アルフレッド・ノーベル自身が設置、遺贈したものでもない










【Today's Vocabulary】





hoard


1 VERB V n, V

If you hoard things such as food or money, you save or store them, often in secret, because they are valuable or important to you.


2 N-COUNT oft N of n

A hoard is a store of things that you have saved and that are valuable or important to you or you do not want other people to have (= cache).




allocation


1 N-COUNT

An allocation is an amount of something, especially money, that is given to a particular person or used for a particular purpose.


2 N-UNCOUNT usu with supp

The allocation of something is the decision that it should be given to a particular person or used for a particular purpose.





hilarious


ADJ

If something is hilarious, it is extremely funny and makes you laugh a lot.





withering


ADJ usu ADJ n

A withering look or remark is very critical, and is intended to make someone feel ashamed or stupid.





bestow


V n on/upon n

To bestow something on someone means to give or present it to them (= confer). (FORMAL)





cede


V n to n, V n

If someone in a position of authority cedes land or power to someone else, they let them have the land or power, often as a result of military or political pressure. (FORMAL)





reinvent


1 V n, V pron-refl

To reinvent something means to change it so that it seems different and new.


2 PHRASE V inflects

If someone is trying to reinvent the wheel, they are trying to do something that has already been done successfully.





prone


1 ADJ v-link ADJ, ADJ to n, ADJ to-inf

To be prone to something, usually something bad, means to have a tendency to be affected by it or to do it.


COMB in ADJ

-prone combines with nouns to make adjectives that describe people who are frequently affected by something bad.


2 ADJ ADJ after v, ADJ n

If you are lying prone, you are lying on your front (≠ supine). (FORMAL)






(語義~Collins COBUILD Dictionary)





~☆今日のBuzzword!from BBC☆~ 





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英語スピーチのネット講座はじめました!

http://www.knowledge.ne.jp/lec2046.html

~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~

Topic : 英語・英会話学習 - Genre : School

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evangelista

Author:evangelista
日本人英語学習者の立場・視点から、主に英語テストを通じて実用に耐える英語運用能力を身につける手法を追及しています。

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