~☆今日のBuzzword!from BBC☆~ "inauguration"


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~☆今日のBuzzword!from BBC☆~





オバマ大統領が二度目の大統領就任演説を行います。アメリカの抱えている問題は経済面だけでなく、心の闇の部分でも深刻なものがありますが、はたして選挙戦の間にも盛んに主張していたように、これから政策の効果が表れてくることになるのでしょうか。





~☆今日のBuzzword!from BBC☆~





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US President Barack Obama attend to inauguration for his second term.

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【Today's Buzzword】


"inauguration"

……

「就任式」










【Background Knowledge ~なぜ今それなわけ?~】


・公式には1月20日にWhite House内の通称"Blue Room"において、「アメリカ憲法を守ること」を聖書の上に手を置いて宣誓("to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States")

・Washington DCでは数万人の聴衆がオバマ大統領のスピーチに聞き入ることに

・今度のスピーチのポイントは、アメリカの①"common good"・②"goodness"・③"resilience"・④"neighborliness"・⑤"the patriotism"になるとも

・2009年には200万人近くの人出となったが、今回もその数字に近くなることが予想される










【Today's Vocabulary】





・tend to:


1 VERB V to-inf

If something "tends to" happen, it usually happens or it often happens.


2 VERB V towards n, also V to n

If you tend towards a particular characteristic, you often display that characteristic.


3 VERB V to-inf vagueness

You can say that you tend to think something when you want to give your opinion, but do not want it to seem too forceful or definite.


4 VERB V n

If you tend someone or something, you do what is necessary to keep them in a good condition or to improve their condition (= look after). (FORMAL)


5 VERB V to n

If you tend to someone or something, you pay attention to them and deal with their problems and needs (= attend).





・put (adj) pressure on ~:


1 N-UNCOUNT

Pressure is force that you produce when you press hard on something.


2 N-UNCOUNT also N in pl

The pressure in a place or container is the force produced by the quantity of gas or liquid in that place or container.


3 N-UNCOUNT also N in pl

If there is "pressure on" a person, someone is trying to persuade or force them to do something.


4 N-UNCOUNT also N in pl

If you are experiencing pressure, you feel that you must do a lot of tasks or make a lot of decisions in very little time, or that people expect a lot from you.


5 VERB V n to-inf, be V-ed into -ing, V n, V n for n

If you pressure someone to do something, you try forcefully to persuade them to do it.





・offer:


1 VERB V n to n, V n n, V n

If you offer something to someone, you ask them if they would like to have it or use it.


2 VERB V to-inf, V with quote

If you offer to do something, you say that you are willing to do it.


3 N-COUNT

An offer is something that someone says they will give you or do for you.


4 VERB V n, V n n, also V n to n

If you offer someone information, advice, or praise, you give it to them, usually because you feel that they need it or deserve it.


5 VERB V n to n, V n n, V n

If you offer someone something such as love or friendship, you show them that you feel that way towards them.


6 VERB V n, V n to n, also V n n

If people offer prayers, praise, or a sacrifice to God or a god, they speak to or give something to their god.


PHRASAL VERB V P n (not pron)

"Offer up" means the same as offer.


7 VERB V n, V n n, V n to n

If an organization offers something such as a service or product, it provides it.


8 N-COUNT oft supp N, also on N

An offer in a shop is a specially low price for a specific product or something extra that you get if you buy a certain product.


9 VERB V amount, V n amount, V n n, V n, also V n to n

If you offer a particular amount of money for something, you say that you will pay that much to buy it.


10 N-COUNT

An offer is the amount of money that someone says they will pay to buy something or give to someone because they have harmed them in some way.


11 PHRASE V inflects

If you have something to offer, you have a quality or ability that makes you important, attractive, or useful.


12 PHRASE v-link PHR

If there is something on offer, it is available to be used or bought.


13 PHRASE v-link PHR

If you are open to offers, you are willing to do something if someone will pay you an amount of money that you think is reasonable.





・ought:


Ought to is a phrasal modal verb. It is used with the base form of a verb. The negative form of "ought to" is "ought not to", which is sometimes shortened to "oughtn't to" in spoken English.


1 PHRASE

You use "ought to" to mean that it is morally right to do a particular thing or that it is morally right for a particular situation to exist, especially when giving or asking for advice or opinions (= should).


2 PHRASE

You use "ought to" when saying that you think it is a good idea and important for you or someone else to do a particular thing, especially when giving or asking for advice or opinions (= should).


3 PHRASE

You use "ought to" to indicate that you expect something to be true or to happen. You use ought to have to indicate that you expect something to have happened already (= should).


4 PHRASE

You use "ought to" to indicate that you think that something should be the case, but might not be (= should).


5 PHRASE vagueness

You use "ought to" to indicate that you think that something has happened because of what you know about the situation, but you are not certain (= should).


6 PHRASE

You use "ought to" have with a past participle to indicate that something was expected to happen or be the case, but it did not happen or was not the case.


7 PHRASE

You use "ought to" have with a past participle to indicate that although it was best or correct for someone to do something in the past, they did not actually do it.


8 PHRASE politeness

You use "ought to" when politely telling someone that you must do something, for example that you must leave (= should).





・provide:


1 VERB V n, V n, V n with n

If you provide something that someone needs or wants, or if you "provide them with" it, you give it to them or make it available to them (= supply).


2 VERB V that

If a law or agreement provides that something will happen, it states that it will happen. (FORMAL)





(語義 ~Collins COBUILD Dictionary)





~☆今日のBuzzword!from BBC☆~ 





【pointidea的独り言】


アメリカではいよいよオバマ大統領の第二期目が始まりました。日本は自民党政権に戻ったわけですが、今後の日米関係についても注視していきたいと思います。





~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~

手軽に利用できる英語スピーチ(Speaking/Writing)対策をインターネットでどこへでもお届け!

ご登録後すぐさま100本超のサンプルスピーチにアクセス可能です。

1月27日に英検1級一次試験が迫ってきました。ぜひ対策の一環としてぜひご利用ください!

コミュニティやメール機能で、添削や質問対応などの細かなフィードバックも可能です。


→『英語スピーチのポイント&アイデア講座』http://www.knowledge.ne.jp/lec2046.html

~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~★~☆~







Topic : 英語・英会話学習 - Genre : School

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evangelista

Author:evangelista
日本人英語学習者の立場・視点から、主に英語テストを通じて実用に耐える英語運用能力を身につける手法を追及しています。

このサイトは英語スピーチに必要な語彙と表現力、論点とアイデアについて、ストックを増やしていくための場所です。

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