US President Barack Obama attend to inauguration for his second term.
【Background Knowledge ～なぜ今それなわけ？～】
・公式には1月20日にWhite House内の通称"Blue Room"において、「アメリカ憲法を守ること」を聖書の上に手を置いて宣誓("to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States")
・今度のスピーチのポイントは、アメリカの①"common good"・②"goodness"・③"resilience"・④"neighborliness"・⑤"the patriotism"になるとも
1 VERB V to-inf
If something "tends to" happen, it usually happens or it often happens.
2 VERB V towards n, also V to n
If you tend towards a particular characteristic, you often display that characteristic.
3 VERB V to-inf vagueness
You can say that you tend to think something when you want to give your opinion, but do not want it to seem too forceful or definite.
4 VERB V n
If you tend someone or something, you do what is necessary to keep them in a good condition or to improve their condition (= look after). (FORMAL)
5 VERB V to n
If you tend to someone or something, you pay attention to them and deal with their problems and needs (= attend).
・put (adj) pressure on ～:
Pressure is force that you produce when you press hard on something.
2 N-UNCOUNT also N in pl
The pressure in a place or container is the force produced by the quantity of gas or liquid in that place or container.
3 N-UNCOUNT also N in pl
If there is "pressure on" a person, someone is trying to persuade or force them to do something.
4 N-UNCOUNT also N in pl
If you are experiencing pressure, you feel that you must do a lot of tasks or make a lot of decisions in very little time, or that people expect a lot from you.
5 VERB V n to-inf, be V-ed into -ing, V n, V n for n
If you pressure someone to do something, you try forcefully to persuade them to do it.
1 VERB V n to n, V n n, V n
If you offer something to someone, you ask them if they would like to have it or use it.
2 VERB V to-inf, V with quote
If you offer to do something, you say that you are willing to do it.
An offer is something that someone says they will give you or do for you.
4 VERB V n, V n n, also V n to n
If you offer someone information, advice, or praise, you give it to them, usually because you feel that they need it or deserve it.
5 VERB V n to n, V n n, V n
If you offer someone something such as love or friendship, you show them that you feel that way towards them.
6 VERB V n, V n to n, also V n n
If people offer prayers, praise, or a sacrifice to God or a god, they speak to or give something to their god.
PHRASAL VERB V P n (not pron)
"Offer up" means the same as offer.
7 VERB V n, V n n, V n to n
If an organization offers something such as a service or product, it provides it.
8 N-COUNT oft supp N, also on N
An offer in a shop is a specially low price for a specific product or something extra that you get if you buy a certain product.
9 VERB V amount, V n amount, V n n, V n, also V n to n
If you offer a particular amount of money for something, you say that you will pay that much to buy it.
An offer is the amount of money that someone says they will pay to buy something or give to someone because they have harmed them in some way.
11 PHRASE V inflects
If you have something to offer, you have a quality or ability that makes you important, attractive, or useful.
12 PHRASE v-link PHR
If there is something on offer, it is available to be used or bought.
13 PHRASE v-link PHR
If you are open to offers, you are willing to do something if someone will pay you an amount of money that you think is reasonable.
Ought to is a phrasal modal verb. It is used with the base form of a verb. The negative form of "ought to" is "ought not to", which is sometimes shortened to "oughtn't to" in spoken English.
You use "ought to" to mean that it is morally right to do a particular thing or that it is morally right for a particular situation to exist, especially when giving or asking for advice or opinions (= should).
You use "ought to" when saying that you think it is a good idea and important for you or someone else to do a particular thing, especially when giving or asking for advice or opinions (= should).
You use "ought to" to indicate that you expect something to be true or to happen. You use ought to have to indicate that you expect something to have happened already (= should).
You use "ought to" to indicate that you think that something should be the case, but might not be (= should).
5 PHRASE vagueness
You use "ought to" to indicate that you think that something has happened because of what you know about the situation, but you are not certain (= should).
You use "ought to" have with a past participle to indicate that something was expected to happen or be the case, but it did not happen or was not the case.
You use "ought to" have with a past participle to indicate that although it was best or correct for someone to do something in the past, they did not actually do it.
8 PHRASE politeness
You use "ought to" when politely telling someone that you must do something, for example that you must leave (= should).
1 VERB V n, V n, V n with n
If you provide something that someone needs or wants, or if you "provide them with" it, you give it to them or make it available to them (= supply).
2 VERB V that
If a law or agreement provides that something will happen, it states that it will happen. (FORMAL)
（語義 ～Collins COBUILD Dictionary)
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